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Using Notebooks

Running in Notebooks

You can create and run a Taipy Graphical User Interface from a Jupyter Notebook.

In this situation, the web server that Taipy relies on will run on a separate thread, so the Notebook works as expected.

Creating a Taipy GUI application in a new Notebook

Here is a step-by-step approach on hosting a Taipy GUI within your Notebook and interacting with it.

You will start your Jupyter server the usual way:

jupyter notebook
Your browser should open a new window, connected to the Jupyter server, where you can create and manipulate Notebooks.

Example code

You may want to load the Notebook source file directly within Jupyter and move from cell to cell instead of entering the code in the following steps.

Create a new Notebook by selecting the New > Python 3 (ipykernel) option located in the upper right corner of the Jupyter interface.
Then start creating the Notebook content.

Enter the following code into the first Notebook cell:

from taipy.gui import Gui, Markdown

page = Markdown("""
# Taipy in a Notebook

Value: <|{value}|>

Set: <|{value}|slider|>

value = 10

gui = Gui(page)

As you can see, we create and run our Gui instance in lines 13 and 14.

Note that we use the Markdown class explicitly (in line 3). That is because later in our code, we will want to modify the content of the page.

Run the cell. The output shows that a server was started (usually on, hosting the 'Taipy' Flask app.
A new window is created in your browser, displaying the small interface we have just created.
Note that the text control automatically displays value when you move the slider thumb. That shows that Taipy has successfully bound the variable value to both the text and the slider controls.

You can witness the user interface update when you change a variable on the fly. In the context of Notebooks, you can directly access the variables that are bound to the user interface:

Updating variables

The point of using Notebooks (besides making it possible to provide explanatory text along with the code in a single document) is to allow for changing variables on the fly and see the impact of these changes immediately. Let's see how we can use that feature with Taipy.

Enter the following line into a new cell:

gui.state.value = 50
When you run this cell, the new value is reflected both in the text and the slider.

The gui.state property

This property is provided only in the context of Notebooks, where there is a single connection to the server, allowing to access a single 'state'.

Updating pages

Pages can also be updated on-the-fly.

In another cell, enter the following text:

import math

xrange = range(0, 720)

def compute_data(a):
    return [   a    * math.cos(2 * math.pi * x / 100) +
            (100-a) * math.sin(2 * math.pi * x / 50)
            for x in xrange]

data = compute_data(value)

After running this cell, the variable data holds an array of floating-point values representing some fancy trigonometric function (computed in compute_data()) based on some parameter.

If we want to display these values in a chart, we need to change our page to add a chart control to it.
You can update the page content on the fly by creating a new cell with the following content:

# Taipy in a Notebook

Value: <|{value}|>

Set: <|{value}|slider|>


If you refresh the page where the interface is displayed, you will see that the chart control appears just like you expected.

A final step we can take is to add some interaction to this application.
We want the data recomputed when the sider value is modified and witness the chart reflect that change.

Create a final cell and enter the following:

def on_change(state, var_name, var_value):
  if var_name == "value": = compute_data(state.value)

The code in this cell updates the data displayed in the user interface when the variable value changes (that is, when the user moves the slider thumb).
However, the Gui object was initially created without knowing this function that it must bind controls to. To reset the Taipy server and connect to on_change(), you must run the final cell:


Go to the Taipy interface page and refresh.
The slider now controls the chart that is automatically updated when a new value is set.

Restarting the web server

Some Notebook environments are not able to restart the underlying web server so that Taipy GUI can immediately reuse the port number it was communicating with. To cope with this problem, in the context of Notebooks only, the port number that is used as part of the application URL is a proxy to the real port that is served. Invoking run() after stop() generates a hidden port number that gets used transparently. This behavior is controlled by the notebook_proxy configuration setting.