Taipy Studio can create a specific kind of view representing configuration
elements in a directed acyclic graph (DAG) that you can visualize and modify.
We call these views "Graph Views".
There are two types of elements displayed in these views:
These are rectangular boxes that represent specific configuration elements. All elements have an "In" and an "Out" port that connect elements one to another.
These are lines that represent the relation between two elements. All links go from the "Out" port of an element to the "In" port of another:
- A link from a Data Node element to a Task element indicates that the Data Node element is one of the input Data Nodes of the Task element.
- A link from a Task element to a Data Node element indicates that the Data Node element is one of the output Data Nodes of the Task element.
- A link from a Scenario element to a Task element indicates that the Task element is one of the tasks of the Scenario element.
Opening a Graph View¶
A Graph View can be created in three situations:
- To display the entire content of a configuration file.
Right-click a configuration file item in the Config Files section of the Taipy Configs pane, and select "Show View".
- To display a Scenario configuration element.
Right-click a Scenario configuration element in the Scenarios section of the Taipy Configs pane, and select "Show View".
The Graph View actions¶
At the top of a Graph View, you can see the identifier of the focused configuration element.
Below that top row, there is a row of icons that can be clicked to trigger actions.
This row is split into two sections:
- Left section: General tools
Rearrange the elements so they look better in the view.
Reload the configuration file in case a desynchronization occurs.
Displayed as a circle if the configuration file was saved and as a filled disk if the file needs saving.
This icon is not present when the Graph View represents a whole configuration file since this information is already in the tab title.
Save the Graph View in a PNG image file.
Adjust the panning and zoom factor of the Graph View so the entire graph can be represented.
- Right section: Configuration element creation tools.
Adds a new Scenario configuration element in the configuration file as well as in the Graph View.
This icon appears only when the Graph View represents a full configuration file.
Adds a new Task configuration element in the configuration file as well as in the Graph View.
Adds a new Data Node configuration element in the configuration file as well as in the Graph View.
Editing in a Graph View¶
To demonstrate the capabilities of the Graph View, we will create the configuration
described in the
Python code configuration
example, using the interactive features that Taipy Studio provides.
Note that for the sake of conciseness, we will create a Scenario configuration that holds only one sequence. When you understand the process, you will see that creating other sequences is straightforward.
We are starting from a project where only the Python code was developed:
main.pyloads the configuration file and submits a scenario
functions.pydefines the functions used by the Task configuration elements.
Note that there is no Python code for defining the
Config object in these source files.
We also start with an empty
config.toml file, where the configuration elements will
You can see the 'T' sign next to the
main.py file in the Explorer pane. This indicates
that this Python file is considered the main Python module for the application. This
is used when assigning a function to be executed in a Task configuration element.
To set another source file as the main Python module file, simply right-click on the file in the Explorer pane and select "Taipy: Set as main module".
Creating the first configuration elements¶
We will start by opening a Graph View representing the entire configuration file. Then, we will create the Data Node and Task configuration elements using the Graph View action buttons.
After the Task configuration and all three Data Node configurations are created, we connect the Out ports to the appropriate In ports by dragging links.
Note how the Details section reflects the selected configuration element.
Creating the Scenario configuration¶
Similarly, we create the Scenario configuration element and connect its Out port to the In port of the "planning" task to indicate that this Task configuration element is part of the "my_scenario" scenario:
Setting the configuration elements parameters¶
You can select a configuration element from the Graph View and use the Details
section of the Taipy Configs pane.
From there, you can set the properties of the selected element.
Here is how we can set the function used in the Task configuration we have created above. Taipy
Studio can locate the functions module and name, so it is easy to spot the one you want to
In our example, we want our Task configuration to use the function called
plan from the
functions module (the
functions.py source file):
After this final step, the configuration file can be saved from the Graph View
itself (pressing the
Ctrl-S key combination). The generated configuration file can be
used by the Taipy Core application: in the source file
main.py, you can load this
configuration file and submit an entity created from the scenario configuration you just
import taipy.core as tp
from taipy import Config
if __name__ == "__main__":
# Retrieve the scenario configuration from the Config
scenario_cfg = Config.scenarios["my_scenario"]
# Create a scenario entity
scenario = tp.create_scenario(scenario_cfg)
# Submit the scenario
Changing the links¶
- To add a control point on a link, click the link where you want to create the control point, then drag the point where you want it. Release the mouse button when you are done.
- To remove a control point, select it (its color changes when you click on it),
then press the
- To remove a link, select it while pressing the
<SHIFT>key, then press the
Note that the source element of the link is removed from the Graph View but not from the configuration file.