Skip to content

7 - Multi-pages, navbars, and menus

You can download the code for Step 7 or all the steps here.

For Notebooks

The "Getting Started" Notebook is available here. In Taipy GUI, the process to execute a Jupyter Notebook is different from executing a Python Script.

Step 7: Multi-pages, navbars, and menus

Taipy significantly simplifies the process of building a multi-page application. To create a multi-page application, you need to define a dictionary of pages. In this example, we will create three pages: a root page and two additional pages (page 1 & page 2). We will incorporate visual elements, such as a menu or navbar, on the root page to facilitate navigation between page 1 and page 2.

from taipy import Gui

# Add a navbar to switch from one page to the other
root_md = """
# Multi-page application
page1_md = "## This is page 1"
page2_md = "## This is page 2"

pages = {
    "/": root_md,
    "page1": page1_md,
    "page2": page2_md
  • menu: creates a menu on the left to navigate through the pages.

    <|menu|label=Menu|lov={lov_pages}|on_action=on_menu|>. For example, this code creates a menu with two options:

from taipy.gui import Gui, navigate

root_md="<|menu|label=Menu|lov={[('Page-1', 'Page 1'), ('Page-2', 'Page 2')]}|on_action=on_menu|>"
page1_md="## This is page 1"
page2_md="## This is page 2"

def on_menu(state, action, info):
    page = info["args"][0]
    navigate(state, to=page)

pages = {
    "/": root_md,
    "Page-1": page1_md,
    "Page-2": page2_md



  • navbar: creates an element to navigate through the Taipy pages by default
from taipy.gui import Gui

root_md = "<|navbar|>"
page1_md = "## This is page 1"
page2_md = "## This is page 2"

pages = {
    "/": root_md,
    "Page-1": page1_md,
    "Page-2": page2_md



Back to the code

The Markdown created in our previous steps will be the first page (named page) of the application.

Previous Markdown

Then, let’s create our second page, which contains a page to analyze an entire text.

# Second page

dataframe2 = dataframe.copy()
path = ""
treatment = 0

page_file = """
<|{path}|file_selector|extensions=.txt|label=Upload .txt file|on_action=analyze_file|> <|{f"Downloading {treatment}%..."}|>


<|{dataframe2}|chart|type=bar|x=Text|y[1]=Score Pos|y[2]=Score Neu|y[3]=Score Neg|y[4]=Overall|color[1]=green|color[2]=grey|color[3]=red|type[4]=line|height=800px|>

def analyze_file(state):
    state.dataframe2 = dataframe2
    state.treatment = 0
    with open(state.path,"r", encoding="utf-8") as f:
        data =
        # split lines and eliminates duplicates
        file_list = list(dict.fromkeys(data.replace("\n", " ").split(".")[:-1]))

    for i in range(len(file_list)):
        text = file_list[i]
        state.treatment = int((i+1)*100/len(file_list))
        temp = state.dataframe2.copy()
        scores = analyze_text(text)
        temp.loc[len(temp)] = scores
        state.dataframe2 = temp

    state.path = None

This little code below assembles our previous page and this new page. The navbar in the root page is also visible on both pages allowing for easy switching between pages.

# One root page for common content
# The two pages that were created
pages = {"/":"<|toggle|theme|>\n<center>\n<|navbar|>\n</center>",