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Integrate Third-Party Components

Integrate Third-Party Components

In the world of web development, it's often necessary to integrate third-party components into your applications. These components could be anything from interactive visualizations to videos or other web pages. This article will demonstrate how to effectively include these external resources in your web app.

Part illustration

Example: Embedding a Sankey Diagram

Let's explore a practical example of how to integrate a Sankey Diagram into a web application. A Sankey Diagram is a visualization tool used to represent the flow of resources or information between multiple entities. It finds applications in energy studies, cost analysis, and network analysis.

Sankey Diagram

In our scenario, we have a Python application that processes recruitment data, performs analysis, and generates a Sankey Diagram using Plotly, a Python library for interactive visualizations.

Here's a code snippet creating a Plotly object:

def sankey_graph(df):
    # Process the data for the Sankey Diagram

    fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Sankey(

        title="Sequences per application",

    return fig

Integrating the Sankey Diagram

To integrate this fig object in our web application, the HTML version of this object has to be created. Here is the code that does that:

import io

def expose_plotly(fig):
    buffer = io.StringIO()
    return buffer.getvalue()

In this code, the function expose_plotly() is responsible for converting a Plotly object (fig) to HTML. This conversion is a mandatory step in the process of integrating any third party component into your application.

The fig object is transformed into HTML, and then we proceed to define two callback functions, namely, on_user_content() and on_init(). The on_init() callback serves as a fundamental Taipy callback that is triggered when a new user connects to the application. On the other hand, the on_user_content() function is designed to return the HTML content to be rendered, while the get_user_content_url() function is invoked to obtain the URL for rendering the HTML content.

uc_url = None

def on_user_content(state, path: str, query: dict):
    return expose_plotly(sankey_graph(data))

def on_init(state):
    state.uc_url = get_user_content_url(state, "val", {"name": "param"})

Finally, we can embed the Sankey Diagram within our web application using the following part component:


You can adjust the layout by changing its width and height. This element seamlessly integrates the Sankey Diagram into your web app, providing an engaging user experience.


Incorporating third-party components into your web applications is a powerful technique that can greatly enhance user engagement. You can achieve this by converting external content into HTML and seamlessly integrating it into your web app.

This article demonstrated how to embed a Sankey Diagram in your web application using this method. This approach ensures that the integrated content doesn't interfere with your page and provides a secure user experience.

Entire Code

# Plotly code to create "fig"
import plotly.graph_objects as go
import urllib.request, json

# Get data from the Plotly demonstration site
url = ""
response = urllib.request.urlopen(url)
data = json.loads(

opacity = 0.4

# Change link and node color
data["data"][0]["node"]["color"] = ["rgba(255,0,255, 0.8)" if color == "magenta" else color for color in data["data"][0]["node"]["color"]]
data["data"][0]["link"]["color"] = [data["data"][0]["node"]["color"][src].replace("0.8", str(opacity))
                                    for src in data["data"][0]["link"]["source"]]

# Create the Figure object
fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Sankey(
    # Define nodes
    node = dict(
      label =  data["data"][0]["node"]["label"],
      color =  data["data"][0]["node"]["color"]
    # Add links
    link = dict(
      source =  data["data"][0]["link"]["source"],
      target =  data["data"][0]["link"]["target"],
      value =  data["data"][0]["link"]["value"],
      label =  data["data"][0]["link"]["label"],
      color =  data["data"][0]["link"]["color"]

fig.update_layout(title_text="Energy forecast for 2050")

# Taipy Code
from taipy.gui import Gui, get_user_content_url, notify
import io

def expose_plotly(fig):
    buffer = io.StringIO()
    return buffer.getvalue()

def on_user_content(state, path: str, query: dict):
    return expose_plotly(fig)

def on_init(state):
    state.uc_url = get_user_content_url(state, "hello", {"t": "a"})

uc_url = None

example = "<|part|page={uc_url}|height=800px|>"