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User Interface Configuration

Applications created using the taipy.gui package can be configured for different use cases or environments.

This section describes how to configure an application and explains different deployment scenarios.

Configuring the Gui instance

The Gui instance of your application has many parameters that you can modify to accommodate your environment (such as development or deployment context) or tune the user experience.

Configuration parameters can be specified in the call to the run() method of your Gui instance using the kwargs parameter.

Configuring with an .env file

All parameters can also be set to any values and stored as a list of key-value pairs in a text file for your Gui instance to consume. The name of this file is the one provided as the env_filename parameter to the Gui constructor.

If you have such a configuration file, then the value associated with a configuration parameter will override the one provided in the run() method of your Gui instance.

Script options

The Python script that you launch to run your application can be provided with command-line options that Taipy can use to ultimately override configuration settings. Not all configuration parameters can be overridden with option but when they can, the option is describe in the specific configuration parameter entry below.

To see a list of all predefined Taipy options, you can run any Taipy script that runs a Gui instance with the -h option.

Here is the list of the configuration parameters you can use in or as an environment setting:

  • host (str, default: the hostname of the server.
    This parameter can be overridden using the -H or --host option when launching your application:
    -H,--host <hostname>
  • port (int, default: 5000): the port that the server uses.
    This parameter can be overridden using the -P or --port option when launching your application:
    -P,--port <port>
  • title (str or None, default: "Taipy App"): the string displayed in the browser page title bar when navigating your Taipy application.
  • favicon (str or None, default is the Avaiga logo): the path to an image file used as the page's icon when navigating your Taipy application.
  • dark_mode (bool, default: True): whether the application shows in Dark mode (True) or Light mode (False).
  • margin (str or None, default: "1em"): a CSS dimension value that indicates how far from the border of the windows should your interface be. The default value avoids elements getting glued to the window borders, improving appearance.
  • system_notification (bool, default: True): if True, notifications will be sent by the system as well as the browser, should the system_notification parameter in the call to (notify()^) be set to None. If False, the default behavior is to not use system notifications. See the section on Notifications for details.
  • notification_duration (int, default: 3000): the time, in milliseconds, that notifications should remain visible (see Notifications for details).
  • debug (bool, default: False): set this parameter to True if you want to be provided with detailed debugging information messages from the server.
    If the debug mode is set, then the async_mode parameter of the call to is overridden to "threading" to use the Flask built-in development server.
    To avoid warning from the websocket layer when using the debug mode, make sure you install the simple-websocket optional package.
    You can force the debug mode using the --debug option when launching your application.
    Or you can force not to use the debug mode using the --no_debug option when launching your application.
  • theme (Union[dict[str, any], None]): A dictionary that lets you customize the theme of your application. See the Themes section for details.
  • light_theme (Union[dict[str, any], None]): Similar to the theme setting, but applies to the light theme only.
  • dark_theme (Union[dict[str, any], None]): Similar to the theme setting, but applies to the dark theme only.
  • stylekit (Union[bool, dict[str, int, float], None]): If True or unspecified, use the default Stylekit for this application.
    If False, do not use the Stylekit.
    If this parameter is set to a dictionary, the keys are used as Stylekit variable names, whose values are overloaded by the value indicated in the dictionary.
  • flask_log (bool, default: False): if set to True, you can get a full, real-time log from the Flask server. This may be useful when trying the find the reason why a request does not behave as expected.
  • use_reloader (bool, default: True): If True, the application watches its Python source file while running, and reloads the entire script should the file be modified. If False, there is no such watch in place.
    You can force the use_reloader mode using the --use-reloader command line when launching your application.
    Or you can force not to use the use_reloader mode using the --no-reloader command line option when launching your application.
    Note that the reloading only takes place if either the async_mode parameter of is set to "threading" or the debug parameter is set to True.
  • single_client (bool, default: False): set to True if only a single client can connect. False, which is the default value, indicates that multiple clients can connect to the server.
  • propagate (bool, default: True): the default value that will be used for every propagate property value, for all controls. Please look at the section on the propagate property for details).
  • time_zone (str, default: "client"): indicates how date and time values should be interpreted.
    You can use a TZ database name (as listed in Time zones list on Wikipedia) or one of the following values:
    • "client" indicates that the time zone to be used is the Web client's.
    • "server" indicates that the time zone to be used is the Web server's.
  • use_arrow (bool, default: False): indicates whether or not to use the Apache Arrow technology to serialize data to Taipy clients. This allows for better performance in some situations.
  • upload_folder (str or None, default: None): the local path where files are uploaded, when using the file_selector control.
    The default value is the temp directory on the system where the application runs.
  • data_url_max_size (int or None): the size below which the upload of file content is performed as inline data. If a file content exceeds that size, it will actually create a physical file on the server for your application to use. This upload mechanism is used by the file_download and image controls.
    The default is 50 kB.
  • ngrok_token (str, default: ""): an authtoken, if you need to use Ngrok to expose your application to the Internet. See the section on Accessing your app from the Web for details.

Multiple Taipy services

To run the Taipy GUI service with some other Taipy services, please refer to the Running Taipy services section.

Using an external Web server

Taipy user interfaces can be served by external servers. This happens in situations where you already have a Web app running, and you want to add the GUI capabilities of Taipy to it.

What you need to do in this case is use the flask parameter of the Gui constructor, setting it to the instance of the Flask server you are using.

Here is a short code sample that should make this straightforward:

from flask import Flask
from taipy import Gui

flask_app = Flask(__name__)

def home_page():
    return "The home page."

gui = Gui(page="# Taipy application", flask=flask_app)

The Flask server is created in line 4. Routes and such would be declared as usual (like in lines 6 to 8).

Note how we use the Flask instance to use it in the Gui constructor in line 10.

When gui is run (in line 11), Taipy will not create a server of its own. Instead, it will serve your GUI pages using the flask_app server created in line 4.

Protect your application files

When the Gui instance runs, it creates a Web server that serves the registered pages, with the root of the site located where the __main__ Python module file is located.
This allows malicious users to potentially access the files of your application if those users know their path names: the main file of a Python application is often called, so anyone could request the http://<url:port>/ and see your Python source code.
This can be even more dangerous if your application relies on data files that are meant to remain private. If a user of your application happens to discover the path to this file, the application has a security vulnerability because this file can be directly accessed using the underlying Web server.

The way to solve that issue is to configure the application server to indicate which requests are safe and which should be blocked.

Taipy GUI, however, comes with a simple feature that makes this configuration far simpler: Located next to the main module of your application, you can create a file called .taipyignore that lists files or directories that you want to protect against a direct request.
The syntax of this text file is identical to the syntax used by Git for its .gitignore file.

If a user requests a file whose path matches one that appears in .taipyignore then the Taipy Web server returns an HTTP error 404 (Not Found), protecting your file from being downloaded without your consent.

Accessing your app from the Web

Ngrok provides a way to expose your local application to the public Internet. That allows anyone to access your application before deploying it in your production environment.

If you want to expose your application using Ngrok, you can follow these steps:

  • Install the pyngrok package in your Python environment: When installing Taipy GUI:
    pip install taipy-gui[pyngrok]
    or independently:
    pip install pyngrok
  • Create an account on the Ngrok Web site.
  • That will drive you to a page where you can install the ngrok executable on your machine. Behind the scene, Ngrok will also send you a confirmation email providing a link that you must click to validate your registration and connect to your new account.
    Connecting to your account will provide you the Ngrok authtoken.

  • Add the NGrok authtoken to the call to run():


  • When you run your Taipy script, the console will print out the public URL that allows users to connect to it. This has the form http://<id>
    Your Flask server, running locally, will accept and serve connections from all around the world.